Yes there are. In brackish water, the output of the membrane will increase. While this can be good, if the output increases too much, it can damage the reverse osmosis membrane. Decreasing the operating pressure to a lower level will ensure the product water flow rate stays the same as in a full marine environment, thus protecting the RO membranes. Ensure the product water flow rate does not exceed recommendations. Also, estuary or creek water typically contains more sediment, so keep close attention to the pre-filter, changing when necessary.
Frequently Asked Questions
Yes. The pressure supply unit uses an ST series 1/4" quick fit socket. The corresponding plug adapter is readily available and can be fitted to your own high pressure hoses. See our products page for more details.
A dealer will be able to offer more personalised service and the same competitive pricing. If you don't have a dealer in your area, we are happy to provide service and ship product remotely.
Desalinated water tastes somewhat similar to distilled water. Some people choose to add some minerals back in to their tank to make it taste more like tap water. Other people report that the crystal clear ice cubes it makes looks great in their gin and tonic.
Our objective is to keep the system non-proprietary, so we used common industry parts and fittings for the system design wherever possible. All the key components are readily available from within the pressure supply unit using typical spanners (wrenches) and other tools one would expect to be in a common tool bag. Although we recommend servicing by qualified technicians, owners with mechanical aptitude should not have a problem maintaining the unit.
Very simple. You bring the pressure supply unit and RO membrane case on deck and attach the high pressure hose between them. Put the take-up and brine discharge hoses in to the sea and the fresh product water hose in to your tank. Start the electric or petrol motor and close the valve on the RO unit until pressure hits about 55 bar (800 psi). You will now be making fresh water. See the quick reference card or operations manual for more complete details (example documents for petrol/gasoline version).
With proper care and maintenance, a Rainman desalination system is designed to last over ten years for average pleasure craft use. Usage and maintenance patterns will obviously affect longevity.
A full 0.77 litre tank on our system will operate for approximately 70 minutes, depending on the fuel quality. The amount of water made in this time will depend upon which RO membrane configuration you have and water temperatures. Warmer tropical water will lead higher output, while cooler water will yield less. To see expected output range for various RO membrane configurations, please see our products page.
Our system is built to last. We use a Honda engine, General Pump stainless steel high pressure pump, Dow Filmtec membranes, and miscellaneous fittings are 316 stainless steel. You should get many years of service out of our systems. As with any critical life supporting system, we recommend redundancy. It is prudent to carry extra bottles of drinking water as a precaution.
Many watermakers have a 20 micron followed by a 5 micron pre-filter. They are typically installed below deck and in difficult to reach areas, so changing filters is a cumbersome and messy task. Rainman is often run on deck and is more easily inspected and accessed. This makes changing filters very easy, so we decided to keep the system more portable and go with a single 5 micron pre-filter. We can make custom modification to include dual pre-filters upon request.
Several very creative designs exist for energy recovery pumps. However, we feel they are unnecessarily complex and expensive for the gains they provide. Greater complexity often means more maintenance and chance of failure in the future. We chose to use top quality materials in a design that is as simple as possible, eliminating complex valve systems and O-rings where we could. We have also found that as the cost of power comes down (generators, solar, batteries, etc.), people are shifting their preference towards high reliability and simplicity
While there are many quality manufacturers of desalination equipment on the market today, a Rainman desalinator offers a unique solution. Advantages include:
- Portability - you can reduce weight of your boat while not cruising and also keep your investment if you change boats
- Simplicity - our minimalist design means fewer complex parts to require maintenance or fail
- Less expensive - our system costs less to buy and maintain than other watermakers, so the total life cycle cost is reduced
- High output - depending on chosen configuration and operating conditions, our system can provide up to 140 litres per hour
Apart from pickling the RO membrane when necessary and changing the pre-filter when dirty, we recommend changing the oil in the pump and motor after the first 10 hours of use and every 50 hours of use thereafter.
With proper care, your Rainman desalination system will last for years. It is advisable to keep spare pre-filter cartridges and pickling concentrate on hand. The Jabsco lift pump has a rubber impeller blade that will require changing every few years, depending on use. While the belt is designed to last for years, some people will have a preference to keep a spare for extended cruising. See our consumables & spares page for more details. Obviously the petrol pressure supply unit will require fuel as well.
"Pickling" the membranes is a necessary process used to protect your RO membranes when unused for a period of time. Rainman is the simplest system on the market to pickle because the pickup hose can be placed in a bucket of pickle solution. In built systems require a complex three way valve system. See our owners manual for details on how to perform the pickling.
With the goal of design simplicity, we wanted to eliminate as many components that don't enjoy a saline environment as possible. Our petrol desalination system is a purely mechanical device without any electrics other than the spark plug and kill switch. The electric version has only the 1.1kw fully sealed induction motor and on/off switch. We have no electronics or software in our desalinators.
The size and number of the RO membranes have primary influence on system output. For example, a 40" RO membrane will make almsot twice as much as a 21" membrane for a given operating pressure and flow rate. The other major factor is water temperature. Warm tropical water will make the RO process significantly more productive than cooler temperate waters. Water temperature variation is the largest influence on the range of output levels for each given RO membrane option. For those that might be in an estuary or creek, salinity levels will impact output as well. Lower salinity will lead to higher output. See the question on operating in decreased salinity environments for more info on estuary and creek operation.
Rainman desalinators come with a two year return to base warranty against manufacturing defect. The Honda motor in the petrol pressure supply unit is covered by a three year Honda warranty. As we are a Honda OEM, you can bring your Honda motor in for service to any Honda dealer globally.
For most owners, pre-filter cartridges and pickling concentrate are the only consumables required in addition to the occasional oil change for the high pressure pump and petrol motor. For extensive long term cruising, some owners may wish to take a spare lift pump impeller blade, drive belt, spark plug, RO membrane, and high pressure hose for emergency repairs.
The pressure supply unit should be stored as near to upright as possible to keep the engine properly oriented. The RO membrane case can be stored in any orientation, but the temperature should be between 5°C (40°F) and 35°C (95°F). Note that if the membranes are not pickled, cooler temperatures will allow longer storage before bacteria begins growing. Do not allow the membranes to freeze.
Rainman Desalination set out designing the system to be as simple as possible, without unnecessary bells and whistles. While many measurements may be somewhat interesting, the only necessary gauge is pressure at the RO membrane and the only necessary valves are one for controlling that pressure and another relief valve for safety.
Desalination is an energy intensive process and a petrol engine gives the highest power to weight ratio. A diesel engine of the required power would be much too heavy to be designed in to a portable system.
Liquid filled gauges are the highest quality and most durable ones available. The air bubble is part of design, and exists to allow the glycerine fluid to expand and contract as the temperature fluctuates. The purpose of the glycerine fluid is to dampen needle movement.